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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  April 15, 2016 3:59pm-4:29pm PDT

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>> this is "bbc world news america." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, national geographic channel, and aruba tourism authority. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the island with warm, sunny days, cooling tradewinds, and the
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crystal blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at aruba.com. >> and now, "bbc world news america." laura: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am laura trevelyan. the second powerful earthquake with a magnitude of 7.3 hits southern japan 24 hours after another tremor toppled buildings and left at least nine people dead. five people arrested in britain suspected of terrorism. it is part of an investigation into the paris and brussels attacks. and a visit to bhutan. the duke and duchess of cambridge in one of bhutan's holiest sites.
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welcome to our viewers on public television in america and also around the globe. for the second time in roughly 24 hours, a powerful earthquake has struck southern japan. this time it was a 7.3 magnitude quake. the first tremor on thursday night toppled buildings and cut power supplies. nine people are known to have died, and more than 1000 are injured. both quakes have hit near kumamoto. reporter: this is the moment when japan's national broadcaster broke into announced that another big earthquake had hit close to the southern japanese city of kumamoto. >> a magnitude 7.1 earthquake has struck on the coast of kumamoto prefecture. reporter: in the darkness, this camera overlooking the city began to sway violently as the earth shook. damage has again been severe.
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in a town near the coast, a whole neighborhood is ablaze and burning out of control. at least one person is reported to have died here. the bottom floor of his apartment building in kumamoto has completely gone. there are numerous reports of people trapped inside buildings, including 60 elderly people trapped in an old people's home. it is now clear this second earthquake was much bigger than the one that hit on thursday. >> it was around 30 times larger in terms of energy release, and that meant that many more people were exposed to very strong over half abe million people probably have been exposed to very strong shaking. so that means there is a significant chance of casualties. many of those people have again fled onto the streets and into parks, where thousands are huddled under blankets looking dazed and afraid.
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making things worse, every few minutes after shocks have been hitting through the night. these are the biggest quakes to have hit kumamoto in nearly 100 years. it is clear that people here are very traumatized. earthquakes there in japan. five people have been arrested in the english city of birmingham and gatwick airport, suspected of terrorism in connection with the attacks in paris and brussels. officials have described the arrest as significant. three men and woman were detained in birmingham thursday night, and a fifth person was arrested at gatwick earlier this morning. reporter: at this house in the small area of birmingham, a bomb disposal ban was briefly deployed today when a suspicious substance was found. it was part of an operation that began late last night went west midland's counterterrorism detectives arrested four people in the city, three men age 26,
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40, 59, and a woman aged 29. neighbors thought it unlikely that the man living there was involved in terrorism. >> no way at all that i can believe he is an organizer of any terrorist group or any extremist group. a few hours after the birmingham arrests, in the early hours of this morning at gatwick another fifth arrest of 26-year-old man as he stepped off a flight from north africa. police say the arrests and described by security sources as significant, follow a joint investigation with french and belgian security services following the recent attacks in europe. is 3.5 weeks since the bonds --brussels at the airport bombs in brussels at the airport and metro in which 32 people died. and five months since the attacks in paris, which killed
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130. both attacks have been linked to a belgian man called mohamed abrini, who is known to have visited birmingham. mohamed abrini is thought to be the man in the hat seen here at brussels airport just before the attack. he was arrested after four weeks on the run. he is also thought to have been caught by a cctv camera the french petrol station with the leader of the paris attacks just two days before they were carried out, potentially connecting him to both brussels and paris. the bbc has been told that abrini visited birmingham last summer before both sets of attacks. pictures of a football stadium were later found on his own. >> people have been implicated in 2 major incidents in paris and brussels and come and go as they please. reporter: all five people arrested last night are still being questioned in the west midland area. they are being held on suspicion
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of terrorism, but nobody has been charged. laura: daniel safford reporting there. each day we seem to get a reminder of the threats of violent extremism poses, whether it is the attacks in brussels or the two-year anniversary of the girls being abducted, this has become a global scourge and international fight. for more on what can be done, i spoke a brief time ago with the deputy secretary-general of the united nations. thank you for being with us. we are going to discuss this weighty topic of how you tackle extremism across the world. if you look at those recent attacks in brussels and paris, what can be done to blunt the appeal of violent extremism in europe? all, you have to act on these horrible acts of violence and make sure that you find the perpetrators and set an example that this cannot be paid off, so to speak. but then we also have to ask ourselves what are the root causes, what causes young people
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to join movements like this, where they kill young children women? and you ask yourself how can people fall in the trap of this cult of violence? laura: is it about tackling poverty, tackling alienation? >> well, i think you have to go over the whole field. if you feel you are completely alienated in society, if you feel you don't have a chance, you feel you are looking for meaning of life, because people may be tempted to how can that cap. laura: this week is the second anniversary of the kidnapping of the girls by boko haram. is it different what is fueling extremism in northern nigeria to what is fueling the jihadi movement in europe? >> from the point of view of development, that factor is stronger in nigeria. there is no peace without development, there is no development without peace, and
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none of it without respecter human rights. -- respect for human rights. if there is a great efficiency of respect for peace or to vomit or human rights, that is used for those who want to lure young people into these movements and use them cynically themselves for acts of violence. u.n. has been talking for years about an arc of instability across the world. do you feel that governments are not listening to you in trying to tackle this? >> well, we can do something from the website. we can set a direction internationally. but in the end this has to be done inside societies by governments, by civil society, by community leaders comply religious leaders. this must be not only a top-down activity, but also a bottom-up and in societies. but then i would say the biggest danger for me now as i see is that we in many countries, including western europe in the u.s., sometimes risk falling into a trap of this provocation, because terrorists want us to
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be scared. we must not fall in that cap -- laura: we are in danger of maximizing their appeal. >> i think by that we make them more attractive and they get more news, so to speak. sometimes succeed in dividing us, because they want to have democratic societies in particular polarized and divided . we see in europe, we see it in the united states and we see it all over the world now, where absolutely horrific acts are meant to provoke and meant to divide, and that is why i think we have to be very, very careful. but what are the consequent -- what if the consequences of extremism aren't tackle? more flows of migrants and people trying to flee societies like syria and iraq? >> the more i work on these issues, it is like walking on a minefield, the more i realize we have to go to the root causes. nd this horrible
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war in syria and we also have to make sure we can help the countries in their neighborhood -- jordan, lebanon, turkey. why should they not be dealt a decent life when they are there? they go off on the road because josh on their own because we cannot give them the life a desert -- they go off on their own because we cannot give them the life they deserve at that time. we have to go at the root sources and we have to mobilize the good forces. laura: thank you for joining us. >> thank you. laura: new york city is known for its tough talking residents, and the presidential candidates are certainly taking that to heart could ahead of next tuesday's primary, democratic contenders hillary clinton and bernie sanders debated head-to-head in prime time. but today it was senator sanders' trip to the vatican which grabbed headlines, as he attended a conference focused on the economy and social justice. for more on the battle brewing in new york, i spoke a brief time ago with a reporter who
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follows the campaign for "time" magazine. it was quite the brawl last night in brooklyn. was there a clear winner? >> i think it is hard to say. senator bernie sanders was looking for was a clear knockout punch before the primary on april 19, and it is unclear he actually got this. one thing we saw last night was more than in any other debate before or any interaction between the candidates, were two people who are just visibly exasperated, tired of one another, and generally ready for the race to either be wrapped up or won. hillary clinton believes she is the clear frontrunner and she is tired of being knocked by sanders on points that she thinks she is over -- the issue about wall street of nations and her speech is she gave the goldman sachs and other financial institutions. has a kindsanders of artist contempt for her. last night what we saw in
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brooklyn was this meeting of semi-quasi-new yorkers for abiding brawl that we have not seen in quite some time. laura: bernie sanders went from that debate to the vatican, where i understand there are not many votes in the new york primary. >> i think this is earnestly something bernie sanders wanted to do. a lot of people in the beginning of the race question his motives for running, and he often explained himself as wanting to bring his favorite issues to a national stage. one might view his trip to the vatican as an attempt to bring his views to a global stage. if you saw his remarks earlier on today that is sort of what he attempted to do. he spoke about income inequality at a global level, he quoted the pope, and he spoke about his message of addressing poverty on a kind of international scale rather than just within the united states as he has done for the past year or so. the polls do suggest that
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hillary clinton will win new york. could she lose? >> i think it is highly likely that she wins the new york primary. one of the things to keep in mind is that there is a technicality where in new york it is called a closed primary. in other words, you have to register as a democrat to vote in the democratic primary something like three or four weeks before april 19, which is the date that bernie sanders and hillary clinton will be on the ballot. heavilys that are open favor bernie sanders because he tends to pull in a lot of independents who can on the same day register as democrat, and young people, with not registered to vote before. there is a structural advantage in addition to the fact that she has been senator from new york for the last eight years and new yorkers have a pretty long memory when it comes to their elected officials. laura: well, we will see. thanks for joining us. >> thanks for having me. laura: as the campaign goes towards the general election, social issues are bound to play a part. right now the battle is playing out in the state of north
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carolina over what is known as the bathroom bill, a new law that requires people to use the public bathrooms that match the sex on the birth certificate. as a result, major companies have stopped doing business there, and rock stars like springsteen have canceled their shows. he has 17 could be placed in his school band, lets his dog, and has the support of family. , buts also born female never identified as a girl and is now going through the medical process of gender transition. the state has passed a law that says he and others who are transgender must use public bathrooms for the sex they were born with, not that they identify as. >> just like this, i don't want to go to the girls bathroom because i'm the shunned by peeers -- what are you doing? if i go to the guys bathroom and somebody knows i'm transgender and doesn't like me, they could
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out me easily and i to get suspension from school temporarily for having to choose the bathroom. reporter: there have administrations mr. she was against the new measures and not just on the streets. bruce springsteen and ringo starr or among those who have canceled performances in north carolina in protest. paypal and deutsche bank have said they are pulling investment out of the state unless the law is overturned. while a lot of the focus has been on the issue of what bathroom can be used by members of the transgender community, actually, this is about much more than that. for people across north carolina, this law takes away protection against discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation that had been provided by other local laws. that affects the many employees ase, from lgbt communities, we heard very frankly from one of the politicians who pushed through the -- the new law. >> i think an employer has the
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right to choose who the employer once to work, unless it is a matter of race, color, national origin, biological sex, or religion. reporter: you think it is ok for an employer to say i don't want to hire a gay employee? >> yes. reporter: there is no national law in america that explicitly as officials but say discrimination is exquisitely ok, members of the gay community told us it felt like a huge step back. >> being gay has nothing to do with your job. >> things have been progressing for decades now in the right direction. this just goes and shows us how much more work has to be done. >> the supreme court said we can get married. it seems like this is all retaliation for that. reporter: pressure is building to repeal the law.
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but the politicians here remain defiant, insisting it is here to stay. bbc news, raleigh, north carolina. laura: you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come, the north dakota planes fuel america's shelburne, but with sinking crude prices, that dream is going bust for many. millions of monarch butterflies migrate thousands of miles from canada to mexico, the longest journey made by an insect. but how do they manage to find their way to the same spot every single year? scientists in the u.s. think they have found the answer, as victoria gill now reports. victoria: it is the lungs to migration of any insect, two-month journey of 3000 miles. scientists want to understand how a butterfly achieves this impressive feat of navigation.
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little bit chilly, but at this time of year, we start to notice a lot more insect activity. but none of those pollinating journeys even begin to compare with the odyssey of the monarch butterfly, and that is why these researchers want to study the insect so closely. the university of washington scientists and their colleagues studied individual tethered butterflies recording from their antennae and eyes as they flew. anrevealed the animals have internal compass keeping them on course using link to position of the sun. the team has built a model circuit that works in just the same way as the solar compass in every butterflies brain, and navigating system that uses the system to work out the direction of travel and make adjustments to stay on a southerly track to mexico. you're a scientists say -- scientists say the navigating brain circuitry is far more advanced than any gps system or robot we've been able to design. >> by stimulating the way that
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the butterfly brain can integrate information and the position of the sun, we should be able to build robots that will be able to navigate, to find their way even in places on the planet where there is no gps signal. victoria: one possible mission for a robotic insect would be to track the monarch butterflies as helping scientists work out why this unique species is in decline. victoria gill, bbc news. laura: from the middle east to venezuela, the drop in crude oil prices is having a profound impact. here in the united states it has caused the fracking boom to go bust. areas which depended on revenue from the shale oil industry are struggling to cope. as michelle fleury discovered on a trip to north dakota. michelle: flying low above north jacks dotlains, pump
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the landscape, evidence of the boom that has helped to power america's energy renaissance. but with falling oil prices, north dakota's economy is now in trouble. on the ground, signs of the downturn. used wellheads sit unsold outside this oil field services company. the owner says he has had to cut salaries and workers. >> two years ago there would be 35 people in their working and now i'm not sure what you can see exactly behind me but there is the or four people working. michelle: he says there is now less business to go around. >> it is largely a game of musical chairs, where there is so many vendors that are chasing a small amount of work right now and the environment is considerably out there. michelle: barracks style housing , known as man camps, were built during the boom years. much of it is deserted. two years ago the rec room at this worker cap would have been packed.
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>> dining room, everything was full. hard to find a parking spot every day. big difference. the hallway i am in, basically vacant. me and two or three other people. pretty quiet. michelle: now occupancy rates have plummeted. many workers cannot afford to stay and wait for things to pick up. we have come less than 11 the so-called man camp where we have come across this, clearly an abandoned rv park. you can see all the debris that has been left behind. many laid-off workers have been unable to find new jobs. as you can see, in some cases they have given up and left town. dakotans haven't been spared by the slump either. this land has been in the family since the 1920's. today, continental oil leases some of it good but the monthly checks are not what they used to be. >> i have been around oil long
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enough to know that even if you have an oil well, it could be plugged in a month. those royalties may end, you know. michelle: the energy companies and the workers who remain in north dakota are betting this slump will end. the question is when. michelle fleury, bbc news, north dakota. laura: in a tiny himalayan hutan, the b tigers nest monastery is considered the holiest site, and today got royal visitors. the duke and duchess of cambridge cap three hours to make the trip. hand, theyand in look like a couple sitting out for a quiet stroll, except that this was hardly that could ahead of them, getting on for 3000 feet, three quarters of the height of britain's tallest mountain.
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their destination, the tigers nest, a 17th century buddhist monastery built on an almost sheer cliff face. it is a steep climb, quite a scramble in some cases. here they are at approximately the halfway point, still strolling and barely breaking sweat. how are you finding the client? -- climb? >> beautiful. >> easy. reporter: easy? he is probably just saying that to embarrass the press corps. at the halfway point, there were prayer wheels to examine and a -- a photo call with the duke and catherine posing with the tigers nest behind him. all picturesque, except they are in bhutan briefly at the request of the foreign office supposedly on business. there is a tricky balance on a day such as this. isshouldn't forget that this an official visit paid for by the taxpayer. it is also an opportunity for
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some pretty spectacular sightseeing, and the couple's wish, perhaps understandably, is to do that as privately as possible. they strolled on arm in arm, a further steep climb ahead which brought them to a position overlooking the tigers last. another photo call, and then a private visit to the monastery itself. nearly 20 years ago, williams father, prince charles, came to bhutan. tigers, came to the this, reportedly with 10 pack horses. today his elder son and his wife left with only their memories and a sense of satisfaction. >> it is an amazing experience. lucky to see such beautiful scenery. >> didn't make it to the top. reporter: a visit to the tigers last come a more pleasure than business, certainly, one to sell the family about -- tell the family down. stunning view brings today's broadcast to a close,
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but you can find much more on all the days news at our website , and to reach me and most of the bbc team, go to twitter. from all of us here at "world news america," thanks for watching and have a great weekend. >> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, national geographic channel, and aruba tourism authority. morgan: i have always been fascinated by god. why do people all around the world worship their god so differently? i am setting off on a journey
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and i am going to take you with me. we all ask ourselves this one fundamental question -- who is god? >> "the story of god -- with morgan freeman" on the national geographic channel. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet los angeles.
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i'm ketch. and i'm critter. and we love making music! ♪ how does the jaybird say how do you do? ♪ ♪ how does the blinking firefly say that i love you? ♪ i think that every person has something special to say and a unique way of saying it. when i was a kid, i was just fascinated by music. but what do you love? i really wanted to play the blues. so i got a guitar. the first instrument that i learned to play was the mouth harp. it goes like this: boing, boing, boing, boing, boing, boing. ♪ ...with that working wheel and you know, what i did was a lot of performing. you got an audience expecting you to do something great. so you might accidentally do something great. so just play. have fun. ♪ i wonder, wonder, wonder where...♪ critter: anything that you do that you love, go for it. i love music, so i became a musician.

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